Organic farming refers to agricultural production systems adopted to produce food and fiber respecting natural life-cycle systems, through practices designed to minimize the human impact on the environment.
According the European Commission, organic farming entails:
- Wide crop rotation as a prerequisite for an efficient use of on-site resources.
- Very strict limits on chemical synthetic pesticide and synthetic fertiliser use, livestock antibiotics, food additives and processing aids and other inputs.
- Absolute prohibition of the use of genetically modified organisms.
- Taking advantage of on-site resources, such as livestock manure for fertiliser or feed produced on the farm.
- Choosing plant and animal species that are resistant to disease and adapted to local conditions.
- Raising livestock in free-range, open-air systems and providing them with organic feed.
- Using animal husbandry practices appropriate to different livestock species.
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